Each breed of dog has the characteristics that make it different from the rest. One of those characteristics is the hair loss they present. This bush of hair helps them, in a way, to find the most pleasant temperature for dogs.
How do dogs regulate temperature?
The perspiration system of dogs is different from that of humans. Dogs hardly possess sweat glands, which are responsible for removing waste substances from the body through sweat.
So how do dogs regulate their body temperature? They control it in two different ways. One of them encompasses the pads of the legs. Thanks to these pads, they eliminate excess body heat through the perspiration process.
The other regulatory mechanism is the so-called ‘panting system.’ It consists of the elimination of heat by the tongue, by converting it into water vapor. How does it work? Before an increase in body temperature, the hot blood is pumped into the language. On the tongue, heat evaporates in the form of moisture. Therefore, it is common to see dogs gasp and breathe harder when they are hot.
Also, it has been observed that it can remove heat through its ears and head. However, this mechanism only works when the ambient temperature is not excessive.
However, it must be taken into account that its regulatory systems are not as effective as those of the human being. Therefore, sometimes a dog raises its body temperature, is not able to reduce it, and suffers a heat stroke.
Therefore, it is advisable to keep the dog in an acclimatized place. If possible, it should be in a place where there is a current of air in summer, and that always has fresh water within reach.
Once the two forms of body temperature regulation are known, the next question that may arise is: what is the most pleasant temperature for dogs? This question varies by race.
The most pleasant temperature according to season and race
When it comes to knowing how different races fight the heat, a series of parameters must be taken into account. Among them, it influences the shape and thickness of the hair, which facilitates or hinders them from adapting to the changing temperatures of the year.
Dogs have a short coat of hair that helps them face summer and a thick winter coat that allows them to survive comfortably. However, each race is a world and withstands temperatures differently.
At this time of the year, canine haircuts usually occur. This is due to the emergence of a higher number of parasites as a result of rising temperatures.
However, veterinarians do not usually agree with this procedure. The haircut can be harmful to some breeds since the fur is their protection.
Dogs belonging to Nordic breeds or cold climates such as the Siberian husky, the San Bernardo, or the German shepherd have a wide range of hair. In summer, these dogs are not acclimatized to high temperatures, so it is advisable always to have a container with fresh water available and avoid heatstroke.
Small dogs are more acclimatized at these temperatures. The chihuahua, for example, comes from a hot country like Mexico. In any case, all dogs must have fresh water at their disposal.
The change in temperature from summer to autumn can lead to health problems for our quadruped classmates. Thus, significant temperature changes should be avoided. And is that the temperature contrast when leaving home should not be very sharp compared to the outside.
Temperature changes can negatively influence the health of the dog, especially at the joint level. You could go to the vet and have him decide which supplements to administer.
Dogs with thick hair bushes are genetically adapted to the harsh winter weather conditions. They come from places with shallow temperatures, such as Germany, in the case of the German shepherd or Siberia, in the case of the Siberian husky.
On the other hand, small-sized dogs with soft hair, such as chihuahua, require the use of extra clothes. The use of warm clothes allows them to fight the cold and avoid health problems.
It has already been discussed above how they regulate your body temperature. But it must also be taken into account that the size of the dog is an essential factor. Larger dogs sweat more and regulate their temperature worse than smaller ones.