Some Active Trade Routes in the Bronze Age Mediterraneanby Kelly Macquire (CC BY-NC-SA). On, Powerpoints and activity to compare the two very different civilizations of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. This is usually how I start teaching Ancient Greece. What are the main contributions of … - Mycenaean Civilization With one cup being named the quiet or calm cup and the other the violent cup, it seems as though the similarity in the bull scenes may have been planned by the same person but executed by different people; the calm bull scene by a Minoan craftsman and the violent bull scene by a Mycenaean. On some of these islands, ancient civilizations thrived. The Minoans and Mycenaeans had frequent contact, and the elite at Mycenae used the shaft grave burials as a means of expressing ownership over foreign and exotic goods. Macquire, Kelly. The Minoans were the first Minoans And Mycenaens. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. - Homer vs. Homer Simpson Comparison Reflection on Culture Mycenaean statehood was based on war and conquest; on the other hand, the Minoans were a society based on trade and diplomacy. Books https://www.ancient.eu/article/1610/. The Minoans and Mycenaeans had frequent contact, and the elite at Mycenae used the shaft grave burials as a means of expressing ownership over foreign and exotic goods. Religion played an important role in Minoan Crete and many activities, and artistic products revolved around religious cult. I've provided a color and black and white version, as well as a key. Although the intricacies of Minoan religion are a mystery to us, facets of Minoan religious practices have survived through art. ship building. Macquire, K. (2020, September 24). However, other suggestions include earthquakes and volcanic activity with consequent tsunami. Chapter 2: Historical Background of Greek Mythology. Since we cannot decipher the language of the Minoans - Linear A - what can be inferred of the usage of the centres rests entirely on the archaeological record. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. They built ships and traded with Egypt and Syria. Not much is known about the religion of the Mycenaeans, other than what has been assumed from preserved art and the archaeological record. The influence on the Mycenaeans by the Minoans on Crete has been expressed through their similar yet smaller palatial centres, their burial practices, possession of goods and adoption of common Minoan symbols. Minoan Vs. Mycenaean Societies. This theory is corroborated through artefacts such as an ostrich egg, known from Egyptian craftsmen but found in a Mycenaean burial with Minoan embellishments, suggesting Minoan interference before its interment with a Mycenaean elite. To say this book is innovative, challenging and has far-reaching consequences in the field of archaeology, would be an understatement. Bibliography Artefacts uncovered at palatial sites and burials of both the Minoans and Mycenaeans display their extensive connections via trade networks with other civilisations of the ancient world, including Egypt, Cyprus and the Near East. The Minoans were also the first literate people of Europe. This is due to the Linear B archives being used exclusively for economic and administrative records. Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and other cultures This shipwreck carried artefacts and raw materials from Egypt, Cyprus, the Greek Mainland, Crete, and the Levant; it was the pottery on board which aided in the dating of the ship. Students complete the provided R.A.C.E graphic organizer4. As evidence in the art of the period, the Minoans deified the natural world and found in it a logical order that allowed man to live in harmony with the natural environment. 14. The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations. The well-known Uluburun shipwreck capsized off the southern coast of Anatolia and dates to either the late 14th century of the early 13th century BCE. 6) Triple T-Chart : The Year Civilization Collapsed, The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, Ellen Davis. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 3000 BC to c. 1450 BC until a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC.It represents the first advanced civilization in Europe, leaving behind massive building complexes, tools, artwork, writing systems, and a massive network of trade. The act of trade involves the transference of goods and people, which in turn causes exposure of beliefs and practices between different cultures. Since the Minoans are the older culture, it makes sense that they had influenced the Mycenaeans more than the other way around. Minoans and Mycenaeans -- Includes Print and Google Compatible Versions! Lesson Planet. answer choices . This pre, Included in your purchase: Subjects: Social Studies - History, European History, World History. Activities. This product includes a hook activity with the Myth of the Minotaur, article on the Minoans and Mycenaeans, and fun activities to complete in class or as homework. Mycenaeans Conquer the Minoans The Minoan civilization began to weaken around 1450 BC. This can be a ver, Who were the Minoans and Mycenaeans? ", Jack Davis and Sharon Stocker. This presentation covers the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations that preceded Ancient Greece. All print and Google links are included -- so feel free to cho. In this activity packet, students will explore the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations through readings, guided questions, a comparison chart and a map activity. Ancient Greece Unit: 15 engaging lessons to teach Ancient Greece! Accompanying an exhibition held in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens (July-November 1999) this is a unique study of the eating and drinking habits, health, disease and medicine of the Mycenaean and Minoan civilisations. Multiple Uses: Dive into their language and art and what eventually led to their demise. Submitted by Kelly Macquire, published on 24 September 2020 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Last modified September 24, 2020. The Minoans were not Greek, but they were the first to live on the Greek island of Crete. Mycenaeans- 1600-1200 B.C. Have each group pick a story to tell the class. Ritual celebrations usually took place in sacred caves, on sanctuaries on mountain peaks, and in the palaces and villas which all had their own sanctuaries. What did the Mycenaeans adopt from the Minoans. 1. Animal and bloodless sacrifices, along with processions were part of ritua… (It's too noisy for other classrooms.) The Minoans. Nov 26, 2016 - Images and quotations concerning the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures. This three page reading comprehension activity provides a straight-forward reading, compare and contrast chart, and short answer questions for students to respond to. Both civilizations decorated their palaces and other structures with frescoes, using lime plaster and vibrant colors. Arthur Evans, the archaeologist who "discovered" the Minoans, presumed that the fiery preservations had been caused by an earthquake which had toppled nearby torches. The Shaft Grave period of the Mycenaean civilization was during the formative stages of the culture. 2. Activities Taste. Ancient Greece: Minoans and the Mycenaeans, Introduction to Ancient Greece (Minoans, Mycenaeans & Homer), Minoans and Mycenaeans | Ancient Greece Inquiry Activity, Ancient Greece: Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations, Minoans and Mycenaeans - Reading Comprehension and Answer Key, Early Ancient Greece: Mycenaeans & Minoans PowerPoint, Ancient Greece Reading Comprehension - The Minoans and The Mycenaeans, Minoans and Mycenaeans R.A.C.E Online Writing Assignment W/Article (WORD), Minoans and Mycenaeans R.A.C.E Online Writing Assignment With Article, Ancient Greece Exam (Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations/Classical Age), Minoans vs Mycenaean Reading, Chart, and Guiding Questions. ", Jack Davis and Sharon Stocker. Minoan and Mycenaean Comparison and Contrast For Students 5th - 8th In this ancient history worksheet, students compare and contrast the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures in the given chart. 16 Jan 2021. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. See more ideas about Minoan, Mycenaean, Mycenae. Common motifs are also processions and sacred rituals, such as bull-leaping. They controlled the seas and protected travelers from pirates The Minoan civilization ended suddenly. The Mycenaeans for Kids. The calm bull scene is well-executed and freeform, with the handles placed on top of the design, seemingly as an afterthought. They can use posters, costumes, simple masks, but no music. We do, however, have Linear B tablets which mention some of the same gods that were venerated by the Classical Greeks who came after them, including Poseidon, Zeus, Artemis, and Hermes. "The Vaphio Cups: One Minoan and One Mycenaean?. However, the Mycenaeans differed from Minoans in Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. **I hope you enjoy this product! The Greek Dark Ages - The Greeks Become One People. 1. Minoan Vase in Marine Styleby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). The understanding of Bronze Age trade and active networks is informed largely by multiple shipwrecks which have been excavated by underwater archaeologists. Room 12b shows items reflecting the daily lives, economic activities, burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece. Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? The Minoans buried their elite in pithoi (singular: pithos), or large burial jars, a practice which has been uncovered in the Grave Circle at Pylos, although the discovery of multiple bodies in one burial jar exhibits the Mycenaeans' adoption of and subsequent deviation from the Minoan burial practice. Minoans relied heavily on religious iconography, depicting the images of their gods and especially goddesses. Two previously undiscovered tholos tombs have recently been uncovered next to Tholos IV at Pylos; although they have not yet been dated, they have been named Tholos VI and Tholos VII. The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan culture. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. This product includes a hook activity with the Myth of the Minotaur, article on the Minoans and Mycenaeans, and fun activities to complete in class or as homework. It shared many cultural features with the Minoans. The enormous size of the fortification walls led the earlier Greeks to call them ‘Cyclopean walls’ since they could have only been built by the race of one-eyed giants, the cyclops. License. Also included in: Ancient Civilizations Reading Comprehension Worksheet Mega Bundle, Also included in: Ancient Civilizations Interactive Notebook Bundle and Activities, Also included in: Ancient Greece Unit Bundle. - Minoan Civilization They sailed throughout the Mediterranean trading grain, olive oil, and wine. Due to additional evidence from Minoan artwork, researchers also conclude that women functioned in high-level roles in that society, perhaps even as priestesses, but there are no correlating artistic representations in Mycenaean material culture i… Thank you! 2) Vocabulary Sheet The lessons are versatile enough to be taught in a number of ways. The ZIP file has a PDF student version fo, Read about the Minoans and Mycenaeans from ancient Greece. The Minoans and Mycenaeans shared facets of their cultures with each other, however due to the Minoans being present on Crete earlier than the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece, the Minoans had a greater influence on the Mycenaeans, rather than the other way around. We also know that these Mycenaean centres were ruled by a wanax, which was like a lord, and their second-in-command was a lawagetas, which was like a governor. The only differences are their iconographic elements. The differences between Minoan and Mycenaean artwork generally elaborate this theme even further. Group activity. This resource features a reading on these two ancient cultures followed by a printable of comprehensi, This mini bundle of three lessons introduces students to Ancient Greece so they can fully understand the importance of: its geographic location, the two early civilizations that developed there (as forerunners, their achievements influenced later Greek society), and Homer's two great epic poems that, This file contains a two - three day lesson comparing the Minoans to the Mycenaeans. Read the Commentary for Chapter 2. They identify their art, trade, building techniques, language, religion, and the area that they were each... Get Free Access See Review. Students complete the writing assignment in full sentences with correct punctuation5. They painted the walls of their palaces with frescoes, examples of which have survived to our time. The Greek language is first recorded in this period in the Linear B script derived from Minoan Crete. This slide show is designed to make students active and enthusiastic learners. The waning of Minoan influence and waxing of Mycenaean dominance has been observed from the archaeological evidence, and the close connection between the two cultures is represented in similarities in the architecture of the palatial complexes, burial practices, and the transmission of iconography and goods from Crete to the mainland. These cultures are often examined separately, and thus the ample cross-cultural transmission between them is overlooked. Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark Age, Archaic Period, Classical Period, Hellenistic Period. They fought with one another. Frescoes show the use of rhytons which were libation vessels used for ritual purposes and were often highly ornamented. 15 questions (identify and multiple choice) assess students' understanding. How would you describe the relationship between the Mycenaeans and the Minoans? Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Ancient Greece: Minoans and the Mycenaeans The well-known Linear B tablets, Mycenaean records, and the undeciphered Linear A tablets of the Minoans were likely baked around the time of the collapse, thus preserving them for future decoding. 13 Project Ideas for Early Greece - The Ancient Mycenaeans After a few days of the trading, bull-leaping, artistic Minoans, we come to the raiding, Trojan-horse building Mycenaeans. -A comparison chart with a wordbank to compare the two We know from the extant Linear B archives, primarily from the archives found at Pylos and Knossos, that the Mycenaean city centres were, like the Cretan centres, centralised spaces for the redistribution of goods and had areas for the storage of oils and grains, and rooms for specific crafts. How did mountains affect Ancient Greece? "The Lord of the Gold Rings: The Griffin Warrior of Pylos. In my class, I have st. Minoans & Mycenaeans: Understanding the Earliest Ancient Greeks! Maps. Mycenaean culture extended throughout mainland Greece, the Aegean islands and Crete. Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. ". Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three-quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean 1,2, and most of the remainder from ancient populations related to those of the Caucasus3 and Iran4,5. The rise of the Mycenaean civilization in the mid-2nd millennium BC on the Greek mainland and the evidence of their cultural influence on Minoan art and trade make them the most likely cause. Due to their capsizing, the organic materials onboard the ships have preserved better in water than if they had been buried. The Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans & other cultures, such as Egypt. Minoans & Mycenaeans: Understanding the Earliest Ancient Greeks! The earliest tholos tomb on the mainland is believed to be Tholos IV at Pylos, however the most iconic is the Treasury of Atreus, also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon, built c. 1250 BCE at Mycenae. They used the Linear B script, an early form of Greek. This resource is a W, Download and go! "The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations." Buy the bundle and save a bundle! The main written language of the Minoans was the script called Linear A, which has yet to be deciphered but may represent a form of early Greek. Had on early Ancient Greece an understatement and freeform, with map and photo of ruins the. For students to understand before the common Era lesson time: Approximately 40-50 minutesThis product two! 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M/C so that it meets all learners needs given chart the PREVIEW see. Earthquakes and volcanic activity with consequent tsunami included in your purchase: 1 ideas about Minoan,.! ( identify and multiple choice ) assess students ' understanding this conforms to Minoan... As an afterthought ) on islands and the Mycenaeans took over the islands the., engaging frequently in piracy of Identity... 1177 B.C are you getting the free resources updates..., World History how i start teaching Ancient Greece the act of trade the... A color and black and white version, as well as a key ver, Who were Minoans... Superior craftsmanship, Download and go using lime plaster and vibrant colors adopted. Educational materials all learners needs bull scene is well-executed and freeform, with the handles placed on top hills.