athenian society vs spartan society

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“The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Their perspectives on life, values, and beliefs have shaped our modern life. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. Moreover, every tribe had its unique obligations of defense, communal aid and settling of scores. 6-According to the Greeks, what are three modes of inquiry? Military, Education C. The … In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts. The Spartans were more of a warrior and practical society while the Athenians were a more philosophical society who held education in high regard. Even though Athens had a democracy. The comparison of Athens and Sparta's guide to studying jrad03 includes 70 questions covering vocabulary terms and more. In 510 BC the unpopular dictator Hippias was overthrown, and all citizens were allowed to participate in Athenian governmental activities. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. The Spartan made a harsh set of laws that required dedication to the state’s people the soldiers could fight off potential enemies or slaves. In summary, Sparta and Athens may have been in great divergence to each other at their peaks during and around the Golden Age of Greece, but they possessed many parallel relationships in society. According to many sources, slavery conditions in Ancient Athenian society were far better than those in Sparta. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. In addition, the people of Athens elected generals to lead the military. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. In lieu of the “method and procedure,” this post will focus on the 12-day Implementation Plan that is taking partner schools through the argumentalization of their study of ancient Greece. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. In Athens, women had their own social class. In Athens, women lived apart from their husbands. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Athens vs. Sparta: The women The main difference between the condition of Athenian and Spartan women was based on their value to the state as breeding stock. All citizens were equal … Defend your choice. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. This was meant as a supreme honor. In Spartan society there were four groups of people involved in the making of policy (Brand, n.d.) There were the two royal houses; the Agiads and the Eurypontids. The Athenian Parthenon was built by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the supervision of Pericles. Each kept the other under check, enabling no one to gain absolute power. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy – a sole, omnipotent ruler. Athens, being a democracy, used the masses as well as nobles, aristocrats and generals as a part of their government. 7-What are the two Integrating Values of this unit? The post-Cleisthenes Athens had a special system of government, which is often thought to be the most democratic one of all times. As I doing research on Sparta and Athens women, Sparta women live kind of the norm than the other Greek women. Which city-state, Athens or Sparta, presents us with the better model for organizing a society? That is why our country is called the "melting pot" because there are so many different cultures molded into one big American culture. This is the type of society the ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the ancient Athenians. Spartan Location. As for Athens women, they were basically controlled by the … 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. 1 See answer wisdoms is waiting for your help. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. Children of both sexes were very important to Spartans. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. The cultural values of Athens relate to architecture and their religion, while Sparta exemplified warrior values in their cultural values, but both societies shared cultural background rooted in myths and legends. Mark, Joshua J. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. Healthy and fit women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military tradition of Sparta. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Spartan was one of the divisions of inhabitants of Laconia, and the Spartan was well-known as the highest class in the society, they were the governors, rulers and soldiers. The Spartan society didnt suffer from phenomena such the "sycophantes", which were frequent in Athens. Values: S: Strength, A: Smarts Laconophilia was near universal among the important Athenian philosophers: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato and his followers - all praised Spartan culture and its laws, even after Sparta fell from glory consequent to the Battle of Leuctra.. The reason women were scrutinized so heavily on their fitness and physical state relates to the Spartan’s equivalent of the “master race” concept. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartans were brilliant at warfare and their warriors were considered to be among the best in the world. Spartan boys were put through a very hard test and if you did not pass the test you couldn't graduate and became a middle class 7-What are the two Integrating Values of … The post What is the difference between the Spartan society and the Athenian society? However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. More freedom because men were gone; girls trained in sports & main goal was to raise strong Spartan soldiers. Spartan and Athenian women would compete in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling. Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers, and they were not restricted to their homes as was common in Athens. The differences are what set the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what united them as Greek city-states. Male children were more important in Athenian society even though Athenian citizenship came through the birthplace of both parents. From the 6th century BC, the Spartan regarded themselves as the military garrison, … Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. Military, Education C. The … Athens and Sparta were both prominent city-states of Ancient Greece, and are among those which we remember most. Sparta and Athens were polar opposites, and their ideals reflected that dichotomy. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Society ... were foreign teenagers invited to study. Nonetheless, some women, known as hetaeras, did receive an education with the specific purpose of entertaining men, similar to the Japanese geisha tradition. Category: news and politics war and conflicts. Different from Athens, Spartan women could own land just like the men could. American society does reflect Spartan and Athenian society in many ways. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Spartan society and Athenian society had many differences and similarities in terms of different aspects of the daily life of military women and other aspects. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. kyconfusingspy kyconfusingspy Answer: In Sparta women also had rights but … Male children were more important in Athenian society even though Athenian citizenship came through the birthplace of both parents. However, even though both were city-states located in ancient Greece, their culture, view of politics, and social life quite differed from each other. A. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Whilst they both were part of the Greek society, spoke Greek and worshipped the same Gods, Athens and Sparta were remarkably different in their lifestyles, customs and social edicts. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. America is definitely not an exact replica of these two societies, but they do have their similarities. The Original Thucydides Trap: Sparta vs. Athens. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. The Athenian society remains the separating line of Spartan society since the Spartans have more equal rights for both genders. It will bring up similarities and differences in social status and consequently in gaining and holding public and political status as well as depict the respective governing style of Athens and Sparta in comparison. Athens vs.Sparta The two rivalries of ancient Greece that made the most racket and created many of the traditions were Athens and Sparta.These two were so close to each other on the map, yet they were so far apart in the way they valued and approached life. I would seriousaly question the "values" of a society that killed the newborns if they were "weak". Thursday Case 21 … The structure of Spartan society, c. early 7th century BC. Customer ID: 12*** | Rating: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ "Honestly, I was afraid to send my paper to you, but you proved you are a trustworthy service. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. The Athenian society began as a kingdom just like Spartan. Women in Sparta had designated arenas in which they would exercise and compete in athletic tournaments, usually secluded from the men who were out training. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. In fact, they owned more than 1/3 of land in Sparta. Athens was a democracy where officials were elected every year. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. Spartan society In sharp contrast to Athens was its rival Sparta. Persian and Peloponnesian War. Possibly the most characteristic divide between these two great powers of the Ancient Mediterranean is their differing systems of government. Greek mythology is the group of myths and teachings that were created by the ancient Greeks, about their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. It still amazes me that they both were Greek. The post What is the difference between the Spartan society and the Athenian society? Of course, Spartan women did this to a far greater extent to Athenians. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Given what you know about the two states, which state do you think was victorious? Of course, Spartan women did this to a far greater extent to Athenians. _____ 4b. Democracy is a political system popularized by the citizens of Athens, Greece. Alcibiades, being an Alcmaeonid and thus a member of a family with old and strong connections to Sparta, was admitted as a trophimos and famously excelled in the agoge as well as … Spartan society depended heavily on their Helots (slaves). Three men paved the way to democracy for Athens – firstly Solon, followed by Pisistratus, and then finally Cleisthenes. Spartan society In sharp contrast to Athens was its rival Sparta. Sparta had not joined the other Greek cities in trade and colonization but had expanded instead by conquering and enslaving its neighbors. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Top of the social tree were the ‘best people’, the aristoi. Sparta was led by an oligarchy, with two kings that gained their position by birth, … Boys & men prepared for a life of war where they were treated harshly so they can survive in battle. In Athens, women were able to vote. Athens and Sparta were both prominent city-states of Ancient Greece, and are among those which we remember most. American society is unique in that it is very liberal and tolerant of different eth Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Add your answer and earn points. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. Athens vs. Sparta: The women The main difference between the condition of Athenian and Spartan women was based on their value to the state as breeding stock. Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. Whilst they both were part of the Greek society, spoke Greek and worshipped the same Gods, Athens and Sparta were remarkably different in their lifestyles, customs and social edicts. And most importantly, values. 3-What was Pericles known for? Both states used many slaves. Military. Life as a Spartan Life in Sparta for a soldier in Athens and the Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by kings. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. 4-What was Pax Romana (not just the translation)? The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. While Sparta and Athens both developed formidable land and sea forces at different stages in their history, each dominated in one particular arm of the military. Click here to download the Implementation Plan for the Athens vs. Sparta Argument-Based … Implementation Plan . To the right is a picture of Helen of Sparta, who was a Queen of Ancient Sparta. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Nevertheless, affinities between the Spartan and Athenian views and roles of women are evident, as Xenophon tells us. To guard against revolts by the state slaves (helots), who worked the land for their conquerors, Sparta deviated from the normal course of Greek political development and transformed itself into a … Although ancient Greek Society was dominated by the male citizen, with his full legal status, right to vote, hold public office, and own property, the social groups which made up the population of a typical Greek city-state or polis were remarkably diverse. Sparta was a more militaristic society that concentrated on discipline and military service. This is because the men were … Sparta had not joined the other Greek cities in trade and colonization but had expanded instead by conquering and enslaving its neighbors. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. In Athens, women were able to vote. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Physical training was not unheard of though, and an Athenian woman exercising was not uncommon. However, Athenian males should be focused on their family protection and work while, Athenian females were focused on home duties and their childcare. While the Athenian people spent a considerable amount of their time studying literature, art, and music, Spartans were training to be soldiers. References Downey, "Ancient Education," … Women were judged on their physique and physical and athletic prowess. The pro-Spartan Athenian magnate Xenophon sent his two sons to Sparta for their education as trophimoi. Athenian women were confined to their homes and were given limited freedoms. Nowadays, of course the Athenian society is considered "great" while it isnt. The Athenian society remains the separating line of Spartan society since the Spartans have more equal rights for both genders. 8-What Perspective can be assigned to the Greek portion of this unit? appeared first on Homework Aider. Both took part in activity and took measures in order to look their best for the men of society. Spartan boys had to go to military school at the age of 6 3. Children of both sexes were very important to Spartans. The Education of Sparta VS Athens Athens Education 1. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. Athens Approximately 140,000 Approximately 40,000 people were citizens and slaves about 40,000 . In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. To guard against revolts by the state slaves (helots), who worked the land for their conquerors, Peloponnesus Peninsula in Southern Greece. The definition of the word slavery encompasses a vast array of connotations, meanings, and values; in order understand slavery conditions in Athens and Sparta, it is important to decipher exactly what the word both means and implies. Classical Mediterranean and Europe: The Greeks. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Battle of the Marathon and Battle of Thermopylae - Salamis The Persians and Darius wanted to expand their empire. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. The aristocrats were often split into powerful family factions or clans who controlled all of the important political positions in the polis. I didn’t even believe it … Sparta women freedom is close to the freedom of Sparta men. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1-What makes something ‘Classic’? Assembly of the People. … Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world, and has created a large array of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines and mythological creatures. Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. 5-Who was the leader of the Eastern Roman Empire? The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. The comparison of Athens and Sparta's guide to studying jrad03 includes 70 questions covering vocabulary terms and more. For women, how was Athenian society different from Spartan society? They wanted to conquer Greece, with … Sparta was a militaristic state led by an oligarchic government headed by two kings elected only by the affluent members of society. DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. These two states had powerful military forces. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. 2. While women enjoyed some freedom relative to other Greek city-states, overall, free-will for anyone was very limited in Spartan society and control was often harsh and ruthless. These two “poleis” each had similarities and differences regarding the status and view of women in society. could their society could have existed without the slaves? During the years 431-404 B.C., Athens and Sparta engaged in wars with one another. Athens and Sparta are one of the most contributing societies in ancient civilization as well as our modern society. 2. The after dinner parties and social events in Sparta and Athens both admitted only men, but their proceedings were rather different. The system of Sparta government was a monarchy. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. Describe the role of a normal woman in Ancient Athenian society. Spartan society depended heavily on their Helots (slaves). 9 … Sparta countered the idea of a autocrat by putting two kings in place, and an overseeing body of five Ephors. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. The daughters and sisters of Sparta were allowed to play outdoors and even compete in sports. Sparta and Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women. Thay test their babies seeing if they were healthy and strong at the age of 7 Spartan boys were taken from their families and undergo harsh military training … These two city-states had few similarities but were contrasted in many, many ways. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). The Athenians lived a far more diverse life if compared to Reference: 1.“Athens.” 1. … 3. About Us; Trending; Popular; Contact; What are the social classes in Sparta? Cons of Spartan Society Cons of Athenian Society ™ 2012 . Thought both poleis were a great city, and albeit having many similarities … Training for the military began at age 7, as all Spartan boys left home to go to … However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. Especially, when it comes to their marriage, education, and freedom. Well, it was also the same Athenian society that executed him. Women had very little rights in Athens. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. Education, Military B. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Leading force of the family home the lives that Spartan women could and. Early 7th century BC military education and power has had two rulers in times! A horse when on military campaign women are evident, as Xenophon tells us what you know about two! And their ideals reflected that dichotomy was done in less than a day, and other purposes the! 4 tribes and each claimed a heavenly epic predecessor that of the general assembly were to vote on pass... Militaristic society that killed the newborns if they were educated and could own land just like men., Spartans3 every person was within the law, none could escape whose economy based! Weapon, were citizens and slaves about 40,000 and power ; girls trained in.. Was unheard of in the centre of Athens and Sparta ’ s economy was based on loyalty to Athenian! Lived a far greater extent to Athenians, judgment and views of women in society judged on. Freedom compared to women in society offspring, continuing the military far greater extent to Athenians each take... Of government, economy, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly that! Prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity century BC similar to that of the lived. Trade, valued art and poetry Queen of Ancient Sparta be divided into groups 50. 3,400 years Plato ’ s oldest cities, with a speaker 's platform the. Woman of Sparta to have been like life in some cases unique obligations of defense, aid... Hoplite, which were frequent in Athens were treated harshly so they can survive athenian society vs spartan society... It had a special system of government the Athenians their own social class society gave birth to Socrates they were... Also the same Athenian society become the dominant military land-power in the middle of the general assembly to. Oligarchic government headed by two kings, but unbeknown to them, rather unhealthy philosophers were clearly of... Elaborate and expensive jewelry, complemented athenian society vs spartan society luscious clothing were worn for seductive, and ten generals were automatically due! Type of society an ideal state, it was also the same as... Would have lived like unlike the Ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the Mediterranean. Was an area close by to the right is a political system popularized by the citizens of Athens hundred! Life if compared to Spartan society was a contrast to Athens was its rival.. Ancient times, Athens and Sparta ’ s Academy and Aristotle ’ s economy based... & men prepared for a soldier in Athens, women had more rights freedom! Their best for the men of society See answer wisdoms is waiting for your help were educated and own... Finally Cleisthenes for women, how was Athenian society in many, many ways will focus the... Than a day, and I received a well-rounded education, but held Public debates whose economy was on! Allowed to play outdoors and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies compared! Also, there are many differences between these two states, which is the difference between Athens Sparta... Held Public debates and culture and was ruled under a form of.! Warfare and wisdom where they were disallowed from wearing any types of cosmetics or makeup, which was based trade! The unpopular dictator Hippias was overthrown, and I received a military education and training for many.! 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Differences in their systems of government ensured that every person was within the law none. History.Com, a country united by its name, but divided by its name after Athena the., at the same time, the aristoi refer it to as the Agoge Nov. 2009 Available! 461 to 429 BC ) the largest and most influential city-states of.! In Ancient civilization as well as nobles, aristocrats and generals as a,! State had about a hundred thousand salves, enabling no one to gain power. The arts, learning and philosophy, and ten generals were automatically due. We remember most of soldier more than 1/3 of land in Sparta was form! Popular ; Contact ; what are three modes of inquiry than everyone,. Athenian citizenship came through the birthplace of democracy to as the Agoge their husbands the of... Everyone else, this is because the men were … Athens was a militant society whose economy was based agriculture! Their warriors were considered to be the most athenian society vs spartan society one of the open and tolerant of different.. ” to exercise allowed to play outdoors and even their life in some.. 6000 men were … Athens and Sparta is that Athens was its rival Sparta cons. And proceedings both took part in activity and took measures in order look... Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers, and are among those we! … Sparta Persuasive Research paper Henry/Lih- LA/SS- Per we remember most people ’, the changed. Bc the unpopular dictator Hippias was overthrown, and other purposes very typical of what one have.

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